Background: The prevalence of the metabolic syndrome in Member States of the Gulf Cooperative Council countries ranged from 20.7% to 45.9%. People with metabolic syndrome are twice as likely to die and three times as likely, to have a heart attack or stroke compared with people without the syndrome.
Objective: To estimate the prevalence of metabolic syndrome, compare it using ATP III and IDF definitions as well as to identify the factors associated with metabolic syndrome, among primary health care attendees in KFAFH in Jeddah 2012.
Subjects and methods: A cross-sectional study design adopted among a representative random sample of peoples who attended primary care center in King Fahed Armed Forces hospital (KFAFH) in 2012. A systematic random sampling technique was utilized (every 10th patient was chosen). Data collected in a sheet, which includes three parts. First part: socio-demographic data. Second part: checklist about smoking habit, physical activity, past history of diabetes and hypertension, any medication for the treatment of diabetes, hypertension or dyslipidemia. Third part: Results of measurement including measurement of BP, BMI, waist circumference, fasting blood glucose and fasting HDL, triglycerides, cholesterol. NCEP/ATP III and IDF definitions utilized to determine the criteria to diagnose metabolic syndrome.
Results: The study included 300 patients (150 males and 150 females). The mean age of males and females were 51.3 ± 14.8 and 48.6 ± 12.4 years, respectively. The prevalence of metabolic syndrome among study population, based on ATP criteria 41.3% while its prevalence was 54.3% based on IDF criteria. This difference was statistically significant. Increase in age, positive family history of DM, and history of obesity were significant risk factor for metabolic syndrome according to ATP III criteria while only increase in age and positive family history of DM were significant risk factors for metabolic syndrome according to IDF criteria.
Conclusions: This study has shown that almost 40 to 50% of the people attended KFAFH had metabolic syndrome and therefore they are at higher risk for both cardiovascular disease and diabetes mellitus.
Bayameen MA, Al-Raddadi MR, Hassan A, Banamah OB, Mohammed ME, Habadi MI, AlRogi AJ, Aljiffri MA, Algarni AA and Bayameen OM