Periodontal medicine is a term used for different purposes in different parts of the world. In certain countries, it relates to the study of the dynamic relationship between periodontal diseases and systemic conditions. Parodontopathy is a chronic inflammatory disease of tooth tissue caused by dental plaque bacteria. The presence of bacteria alone is not sufficient for the development of periodontal disease. The most frequently identified periodontal pathogens include three microaerophilic species and seven anaerobic species. Uncontrolled severe periodontitis caused by periodontal pathogens represents a major infectious threat to the entire body, since released toxins and other inflammatory mediators can reach and affect distant organs. The results of numerous studies and the development of periodontal medicine have led to productive cooperation with colleagues in medicine, and discovered many new evidences that suggest that the oral cavity is an integral part of the human body, and that systemic health must include oral and periodontal health.
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